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Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) is a research-based methodology. It focuses on applying the principles of behavior and behavior change tactics to shape and change behavior. It tracks and analyzes data regarding behavior to identify maintaining function(s), which guide in creating alternative programs to implement for appropriate success in various areas (for example, increasing time on task, task completion, calling out behaviors, etc). It also uses verbal behavior, shaping, modeling, positive reinforcement, and an errorless teaching procedures to change behavior and teach new skills. A primary goal is to have students achieve the skills necessary for functioning and generalizing these skills into the natural environment and classroom, and in the communities in which they live.
Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) - The science in which tactics derived from the principles of behavior are applied to improve socially significant behavior and experimentation is used to identify the variables responsible for the improvement in behavior. (Cooper J., Heron, T.,Heward W., Applied Behavior Analysis Second Edition., Pearson, 2007)