Here are some things to keep in mind as your child reads orally to you:
Your child should point to each word as he/she reads.
If your child is adding extra words or leaving out words, ask him/her to re-read the sentence while they point to the words.
When your child gets stuck on a word, give him lots of "Think Time"...They need time to search their mind for a word and search the words that they've already read.
If you've given your child lots of "Think Time" as they're still stuck, here are a few phrases of encouragement that might help out:
1. Try that again...re-read the sentence from the beginning.
2. What is the first sound you hear?
3. Can you chunk any sounds together?
4. Are the vowels long or short?
5. You already read that word on another page, can you find it?
Here are three good questions to ask your child when they are reading.
1. (At the beginning) What do you think this story will be about?
2. (During the story) What do you think will happen?
3. (At the end) What is the main idea of the story?