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Study Guide: Scientific Method
1. Complete Scientific Method Review Sheet
a. Be able to identify...
i. Manipulatedllndependent Variable (MIX)- The
independent/manipulated variable is what I change
between my two groups or the thing I am testing.
ii. Responding/Dependent Variable (DRY)-The
responding/dependent variable is what has been fone,
the results you will see at the end.
b. Write a testable question. (rewrite the problem statement)
i. Must be written in the correct format... What is the
c. Identify constants. Things I can't touch...they do not
d. Write a hypothesis.
i. Must be written in the correct format. If...(independent
variable, then...(dependent variable).
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2. Know how to construct a bar graph.
a) There must be a space between your 1st bar and the Y axis.
b) Your bars must be equal width
c) You must have equal spaces between bars
d) Axis must be labeled including units
e) Your graph must have a title.
f) The Y axis must have a constant interval (each line on the Y axis
must have the same value)
g) You should use approximately 75% of the available graphing
3. Construct a Line Graph
• progressive data, each point is related to the one prior
• Be able to list ordered pairs. (x,y) format
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4. Heating and Cooling Curve
Bolling point Boiling
Melting --.- Melting point
Be able to label the curve.
Diagonal lines = Solid, Liquid, Gas (0
Horizontal lines = melting and freezing, boiling and
Memorize the melting and boiling point of water in all 3
Temperature Melting Boiling
°F 32 °F 212°F
°C 0°C 100° C
°K 273 ° K 373°K